Dusky dolphins are small and exquisitely patterned. Limited to relatively coastal and shelf waters in the Southern Hemisphere, the species’ acrobatic behaviour makes it a frequent target of dolphin watching tourism in places like South Africa, New Zealand and Chile. There are four recognized sub-species in different locations:
- Fitzroy’s dolphin (L. o. fitzroyi) in Argentina;
- African dusky dolphin (L. o. obscurus);
- Peruvian/Chilean dusky dolphin ( L. o. posidonia); and
- New Zealand dusky dolphin (L. o. un-named subsp.).