Extent of whale and dolphin watching
Peru’s waters host 32 species of whales and dolphins. This incredible biodiversity is made possible by the confluence of the cold Humboldt current with warm tropical waters of the Pacific. Between the months of July and October, the northern coast of Peru (between the states of Piura and Tumbes) serves as a breeding ground for humpback whales. These whales formed the focus of a growing whale watching industry, including a few companies dedicated to research tourism. These companies host marine experts who collect data on the whales that are observed at the same time that they act as guides. Many operators also offer more general marine tours that include the possibility of observing dolphins, marine turtles, sea lions and sea birds as well as whales. Tours are offered on larger dedicated tour vessels, or by artisanal fishermen who take tourists out as a means to supplement their income when they are not fishing.