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Click on one of the icons to the right to reveal a full description of the species with photos and labeled illustrations useful for species identification, as well as information on biology, ecology and conservation status of each species. Click here to find downloadable PDF fact sheets for each of the species featured on this site.
Explore this section to find links to downloadable PDF reports, species ID guides, a table of guidelines and regulations from around the world, a glossary of whale-watching terms, and a fully searchable database of over 300 reports and peer-reviewed articles on whale watching.
This Handbook is designed to support managers, regulators, operators and anyone interested in whale watching. It is a flexible and evolving tool incorporating international best practice, educational resources and a summary of the latest, relevant scientific information. Content has been drafted and sourced in consultation with IWC and CMS affiliated scientists and managers from around the world, and is reviewed each year at the meeting of the Scientific Committee of the International Whaling Commission.
|Gómez-Gallardo, A; Monte Madrigal, L del; Urbán, J||2014||La observación turística de ballenas en laguna San Ignacio: de México para el mundo||Journal Article|
|O'connor, S||2008||Whale and dolphin watching in the pacific islands region phase 2: country case study. Whale watching tourism in the Kingdom of Tonga—a report for the international fund for animal welfare and Operations Cetaces.||Report|
|Agardy, Tundi; Cody, Mary; Hastings, Sean; Hoyt, Erich; Nelson, Anne; Tetley, Michael; Notarbartolo di Sciara, Giuseppe||2019||Looking beyond the horizon: An early warning system to keep marine mammal information relevant for conservation||Journal Article|
|Anderson,R.C.||2005||Observations of cetaceans in the Maldives, 1990-2002||Journal Article|
|Anderson, R.C.; Sattar, S. A.; Adam, M.S.||2012||Cetaceans in the Maldives: a review||Journal Article|
|Bach, Lydia; Burton, Michael||2017||Proximity and animal welfare in the context of tourist interactions with habituated dolphins||Journal Article|
|Bertulli, CG; Cecchetti, A; Van Bressem, MF; Van Waerebeek, K||2012||Skin disorders in common minke whales and white-beaked dolphins off Iceland, a photographic assessment||Journal Article|
|Castro, Cristina; Kaufman, Greg; Ponce, Hamilton||2015||Whalewatching Growth And Socioeconomic Development Of Communities In The Machalilla National Park – Ecuador||Report|
|Fisheries and Oceans Canada||2018||Recovery Strategy for the Northern and Southern Resident Killer Whales (Orcinus orca) in Canada||Book|
|Catalan, Cesar Guala; Hucke-Gaete, Rodrigo; Troemel, Jorge Ruiz||2011||Whale-watching opportunities in northern Patagonia, Chile||Journal Article|
|Cecchetti, Arianna; Stockin, K.A.; Gordon, Jonathan; Azevedo, José||2019||A first assessment of operator compliance and dolphin behavioural responses during swim-with-dolphin programs for three species of Delphinids in the Azores||Journal Article|
|Cecchetti, Arianna; Stockin, Karen A.; Gordon, Jonathan; Azevedo, José M. N.||2018||Short-term effects of tourism on the behaviour of common dolphins (Delphinus delphis) in the Azores||Journal Article|
|Cheung, Lewis T. O.; Ma, Anson T. H.; Lam, Theresa W. L.; Chow, Alice S. Y.; Fok, Lincoln; Cheang, C. C.||2020||Predictors of the environmentally responsible behaviour of participants: An empirical investigation of interpretative dolphin-watching tours||Journal Article|
|Christiansen, Fredrik; Nielsen, Mia L. K.; Charlton, Claire; Bejder, Lars; Madsen, Peter T.||2020||Southern right whales show no behavioral response to low noise levels from a nearby unmanned aerial vehicle||Journal Article|
|CINMS, support staff||2016||Channel Islands National Marine Sanctuary Marine Shipping Working Group Final Report||Report|
|Cisneros-Montemayor, Andrés M; Townsel, Amanda; Gonzales, Claire M; Haas, Andrea R; Navarro-Holm, Estrella E; Salorio-Zuñiga, Teresa; Johnson, Andrew F||2020||Nature-based marine tourism in the Gulf of California and Baja California Peninsula: Economic benefits and key species||Journal Article|
|Corbelli,C.||2006||An evaluation of the impact of commercial whale-watching on humpback whales, Megaptera novaeangliae, in Newfoundland and Labrador and of the effectiveness of a voluntary code of conduct as a management strategy||Thesis|
|Failla, Mauricio; Iñíguez, Miguel A; Fernandez-Juricic, Esteban; Tossenberger, Vanesa||2004||Effect of vessel traffic on Commerson's dolphin ( Cephalorynchus commersoniiObservation of a blue whale ) in Bahia San Julian, Patagonia, Argentina||Report|
|Fiori, Lorenzo; Martinez, Emmanuelle; Orams, Mark B.; Bollard, Barbara||2020||Using Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) to assess humpback whale behavioral responses to swim-with interactions in Vava’u, Kingdom of Tonga||Journal Article|
|Gardea-Ojeda, Manuel||2005||Evaluación del Ecoturismo en Laguna San Ignacio, BCS (México), mediante su valoración económica por el Método de Costo de Viaje y el análisis comparativo con otras actividades económicas||Thesis|