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Click on one of the icons to the right to reveal a full description of the species with photos and labeled illustrations useful for species identification, as well as information on biology, ecology and conservation status of each species. Click here to find downloadable PDF fact sheets for each of the species featured on this site.
Explore this section to find links to downloadable PDF reports, species ID guides, a table of guidelines and regulations from around the world, a glossary of whale-watching terms, and a fully searchable database of over 300 reports and peer-reviewed articles on whale watching.
This Handbook is designed to support managers, regulators, operators and anyone interested in whale watching. It is a flexible and evolving tool incorporating international best practice, educational resources and a summary of the latest, relevant scientific information. Content has been drafted and sourced in consultation with IWC and CMS affiliated scientists and managers from around the world, and is reviewed each year at the meeting of the Scientific Committee of the International Whaling Commission.
|Gleason, Christine; Parsons, E. C. M.||2019||Recent Advances in Whale-Watching Research: 2018-2019||Journal Article|
|Guidino, Chiara; Campbell, Elizabeth; Alcorta, Belen; Gonzalez, Valeria; Mangel, Jeffrey C.; Pacheco, Aldo S.; Silva, Sebastian; Alfaro-Shigueto, Joanna||2020||Whale Watching in Northern Peru: An Economic Boom?||Journal Article|
|Guzman, Héctor M; Félix, Fernando||2017||Movements and Habitat Use by Southeast Pacific Humpback Whales (Megaptera novaeangliae) Satellite Tracked at Two Breeding Sites||Journal Article|
|Hin, Vincent; Harwood, John; de Roos, André M.||2019||Bio-energetic modeling of medium-sized cetaceans shows high sensitivity to disturbance in seasons of low resource supply||Journal Article|
|Holt, M. M.; Noren, D. P.; Emmons, C. K.||2011||Effects of noise levels and call types on the source levels of killer whale calls||Journal Article|
|Holt, Marla. M.; Noren, Dawn. P.; Veirs, Val.; Emmons, Candice. K.; Veirs, Scott.||2008||Speaking up: killer whales (Orcinus orca) increase their call amplitude in response to vessel noise||Journal Article|
|Kahn, Benjamin||2007||Blue whales of the Savu Sea, Indonesia||Conference Paper|
|Kassamali-Fox, Ayshah; Christiansen, Fredrik; May-Collado, Laura J.; Ramos, Eric A.; Kaplin, Beth A.||2020||Tour boats affect the activity patterns of bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus) in Bocas del Toro, Panama||Journal Article|
|Mallard, Graham||2019||Regulating whale watching: A common agency analysis||Journal Article|
|Mandl, Chiara||2020||Cumulative Exposure of Sperm Whales to Whale Watching Boats using Spatially-Explicit Capture- Recapture Models||Thesis|
|Mangott, Arnold Hubert; Birtles, Robert Alastair; Marsh, Helene||2011||Attraction of dwarf minke whales Balaenoptera acutorostrata to vessels and swimmers in the Great Barrier Reef World Heritage Area – the management challenges of an inquisitive whale||Journal Article|
|Marega-Imamura, M.; De Carvalho, Gustavo Henrique; Le Pendu, Y.; Sousa da Silva, P.; Schiavetti, Alexandre||2018||Behavioral responses of Sotalia guianensis(Cetartiodactyla, Delphinidae) to boat approaches in northeast Brazil||Journal Article|
|New, Leslie; Lusseau, David; Harcourt, Robert||2020||Dolphins and Boats: When Is a Disturbance, Disturbing?||Journal Article|
|Noren, D. P.; Holt, M. M.; Dunkin, Robin C.; Thometz, Nicole M.; Williams, T.M.||2016||Comparative and cumulative energetic costs of odontocete responses to anthropogenic disturbance||Journal Article|
|Noren, Dawn P.; Holt, Marla M.; Dunkin, Robin C.; Williams, Terrie M.||2017||Echolocation is cheap for some mammals: Dolphins conserve oxygen while producing high-intensity clicks||Journal Article|
|Öhman, Kristin; Christiansen, Fredrik; Jiddawi, Narriman; Amir, Omar; Levenson, Jacob; Smith, Jamison; Berggren, Per||Seasonal occurrence, group structure and behaviour identify breeding area of humpback whales (Megaptera novaeangliae) off Zanzibar, East Africa||Journal Article|
|Pirotta, E.; New, L.||2020||Predicting the effects of whalewatching activity on the vital rates of Eastern North Pacific blue whales||Report|
|Piwetz, Sarah||2019||Common bottlenose dolphin (Tursiops truncatus) behavior in an active narrow seaport||Journal Article|
|Ana Patricia Rosero Ramírez||2017||Pesca incidental de cetáceos con redes de enmalle de superficie en Ecuador||Journal Article|
|Ribeiro, Sandra; Viddi, Francisco; Freitas, Thales||2005||Behavioural Responses of Chilean Dolphins (Cephalorhynchus eutropia) to Boats in Yaldad Bay, Southern Chile||Journal Article|